HIDDEN from all but a few scholars and saved from being sold off at auction, Sir Walter Scott’s manuscript of his novel Rob Roy is set to go on show to the public for the first time in at least 100 years.

Written in the hand of one of the most famous Scottish writers, the manuscript of Scott's historical novel, published in 1817, will be on display at the free Treasures of the National Library of Scotland exhibition in Edinburgh from March.

The manuscript was among many literary treasures held in the Honresfield Library, a private collection formed in the 19th century by Rochdale mill owner William Law, and whose contents were kept hidden from all but a few until now.

The National Library of Scotland said the collection has been largely inaccessible for the last 80 years, and has not been seen by the public for at least a century.

The National: A manuscript of Rob Roy is set to be displayed at the National Library of ScotlandA manuscript of Rob Roy is set to be displayed at the National Library of Scotland (Image: National Library of Scotland)

The items were set to be sold off at auction by Sotheby’s, but after fears were raised that they would be returned to private hands or even lost to a foreign buyer, works by authors including Scott, Robert Burns and Jane Austen were saved after a UK-wide collective of organisations stepped in.

The Rob Roy manuscript has a history of being bought and sold, with its ownership often dependent on how wealthy the Scott family were at any given time.

Ralph McLean, manuscripts curator at the National Library, said: “When Sir Walter Scott and his business partners encountered financial difficulties after the crash of 1826, a number of his manuscripts were later auctioned off to reduce the debt incurred.

“Rob Roy was sold, but was eventually bought back by Scott’s son-in-law John Gibson Lockhart, and returned to the Scott family in the mid-19th century.”

William Law had formed a close relationship with the Scott family, and was able to buy direct from them. So, when the Scott family fell on hard times, he snapped the manuscript up and added it to his own private library.

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When first published, with a for-its-time large first run of 10,000 copies, Scott was writing anonymously, but the book was marketed as “written by the author of the Waverley novels”.

With these being extremely popular, Rob Roy sold out. As one of Scott's most popular novels, it has never been out of print in the more than 200 years since it was first published.

The novel, first published by Archibald Constable in Edinburgh, is set at the time of the 1715 Jacobite rebellion and is narrated by the character Frank Osbaldistone, who encounters the Scottish outlaw and folk hero Rob Roy MacGregor on his trip to Scotland.

McLean said: “What’s interesting is that Rob Roy himself isn’t a central character in the novel – he only appears sporadically throughout. It was actually Scott’s publisher who suggested the title.

“The depiction of Rob Roy MacGregor as a character in the novel undoubtedly added to the myths surrounding this person, as has subsequent depictions since in various media.”

The Honresfield Library is now called the Blavatnik Honresfield Library after its major donor.